英语句子成分分析

英语句子成分分析

  导语:句子成分由词或词组充当,下面YJBYS小编分析英语句子的成分,欢迎参考!

英语句子成分分析

  一、主语

  主语(subject):句子说明的人或事物。主语一般位于__句首____ 。

  1.Lucy likes her new bike.

  2.We work hard.

  3.To learn a foreign language is not easy.

  4.Playing football after school is great fun

  二、谓语

  谓语:说明主语做什么或怎么样。通常由

  ___动词___ 充当.动词常分为实义动词,连系动词,情态动词和助动词.

  • 1. We love China.

  • 2. We have finished reading this book.

  • 3. He can speak English.

  • 4. She seems tired.

  △情态动词和助动词不能单独充当谓语,必须和实义动词或系动词一起构成谓语

  They can speak English well.

  They are playing over there

  系动词

  1)状态系动词,用来表示主语状态,只有be一词

  He is a teacher.

  2)持续系动词,用来表示主语继续或保持一种状况或态度,主要有keep, remain, stay

  He always kept silent at meeting.

  他开会时总保持沉默。

  3)表像系动词,用来表示"看起来像"这一概念,主要有seem, appear, look, 例如:

  He looks tired.

  He seems (to be) very sad.

  4)感官系动词,主要有feel, smell, sound, taste

  This flower smells very sweet.

  5)变化系动词,表示主语变成什么样,主要有become, grow, turn, fall, get, go, come

  He became mad after that.

  6)终止系动词,表示主语已终止动作,主要有prove, turn out

  The rumor proved false.

  这谣言证实有假。

  His plan turned out a success.

  他的计划终于成功了。

  三、宾语

  宾语:动作行为的对象,说明主语做什么。一般放在___及物动词____或__介词_____后面.

  1.We study English.

  2.Our teacher said that he would go there.

  3.He is looking at the dog.

  双宾语:指人的是间接宾语,指物的’是直接宾语。 He gave me two books.

  四、表语

  表语:跟在连系动词后面的词语或从句,用来说明主语的身份,特征,状态.

  The trees turn green.

  The flower is beautiful .

  五、定语

  定语:用来修饰__名词___.

  This is a red car.

  The building is their teaching building.

  The woman doctor is my wife.

  I have something to tell you.

  The man in front of the gate is Mr. Li.

  Every student has an English book.

  六、状语

  状语:修饰动词、形容词、副词或全句,说明时间、地点、方式、因果、条件、让步、方向、程度、目的等。

  John often came to chat with me.

  As he was ill, he didn’t come to class yesterday.

  She is sitting at the desk, doing her homework.

  My father worked in this school ten years ago.

  Though he is young, he knows a lot

  He came running

  七、补语

  补语是用于补充说明主语或宾语的身份或特征。

  Everyone calls him Jack. (宾补)

  He is called Jack.(主补)

  八、同位语

  同位语是位于名词或代词后面的个别名词或名词词组,对前者进行补充说明

  The Great Wall, one of the wonders in the world, attracts a large number of foreign friends.

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