英语语法之比较级与最高级

英语语法之比较级与最高级

  篇一:人教版初二上册英语比较级

英语语法之比较级与最高级

  八上英语第六单元

  (形容词、副词比较级经典材料)

  初中英语中的比较用法

  一、形容词、副词比的较级:

  1、一般:加er、如:calmer、stronger、longer等

  2、以e结尾的为了避免重复e,就直接加r,如 nicer、finer

  3、以辅音字母(A 到 Z 除掉 A, E, I O, U, 一共 21 个)加y结尾的,把y改成i+er,如 heavier、

  4、以重读闭音节(单个元音字母后面有辅字组(r w y 除外)且以辅字组big,top,stop)结尾的,双写末尾辅音字母再加er,如bigger、thinner等

  5、多音节和部分双音节的形容词、副词的比较级:前面加more,如:more interesting等

  6、规则变化good/well—better;bad/ill—worse;much/many—more;little–less;far–farther/further 用法拓展:

  一、Even(甚至)、a little、a bit :略微,一点,much、a lot 、far等程度词+比较级 如 :much stronger中much+stronger(比较级);a little taller (比较级)

  a lot more fun :fun的比较级为 more fun 所以 a lot +比较级

  二、比较级的用法用than引出比较的对象

  如 he is more interested in PE than Chinese 中than 引出比较对象Chinese (语文) 注意:有了than(比)就要跟比较的对象,且比较的对象之间要相一致

  如: He has more books than Jim (对) he 和Jim 是一致的:人与人比较,

  His books are more than Jim (错)因为 His books 与Jim 不一致,故要改成Jim's books/Jim's 三:than引导比较时,有重复的成分,可以省略,不省略时用助动词代词

  如: He has more books than Jim (does)这个does就是指代has,

  因为重复出现,故省略,不省略时,应该用does

  He is more ethletic than Jim (is)也是同理

  四:than 后面可以加代词的宾格、也可以加代词的主格

  He has more books than her(宾格)

  He has more books than she(does)主格

  五、无需引出比较对象时,就不用than,反之。有了than,就要有比较的对象

  比较级的特别用法:

  1、more and more,越来越。。。。(more指代形容词或副词的比较级,下同)

  2、the more,the more :越。。。越。。。。

  3、less 、more都可跟部分双音节或多音节形容词或者副词构成比较级,两者意刚好义相反

  4、the more of the two :两者中更。。。的一个,

  如 the taller of the twin brothers 双胞胎兄弟中更高的一个

  比较级易错题: ,Tom or Jim good改成better(看到or想到比较级)outgoing 改成more outgoing

  Heavy 改成heavier

  Jim 改成Jim's

  (看到 a little、a lot、much、even、far想到比较级)

  错

  (than后可跟主格,省略助动词,如例句1中的do;也可以跟宾格,但是后面没有助动词) 。Few 改成fewer

  He does much work than me。Much改成more

  (看到than,就用比较级)

  改成hers=her hair

  (比较的对象要一致,my hair 不能跟she 比较)

  注意:very、too 、quite、so、as。。as只跟形容词、副词的原级,不跟比较级。

  二、as ….as的形容词或者副词的原级比较,第一个as是副词,第二个as是连词,如:

  1、He is as tall as Jim (is)

  2、He is as good at PE as anyone else(is)(任何一个其它人)

  3、He has much money as she ( does)

  否定形式:not as 。。。as 或者not so 。。。As。。。或者never/seldom/hardly so/ as 。。As 如 He is not so/as tall as Jim (is)

  He doesn't have so/as much money as she ( does)

  He never runs so/ as fast as Jim does

  三、倍数的比较,经典例子:half an hour,half(倍数词) 为:半倍,

  an hour:名词 即:倍数词+名词:构成倍数的比较,

  常见的倍数词用time(可数);two times =double:双倍、两倍;half:半倍,一半

  表示大小、尺寸的名词:size、width(宽度)、length(长度)、height(高度),weight(重量) This room is。这个房间的大小是那个房间的三倍。

  The book is 。这书的重量是那本书的两倍。 拓展一、倍数词+as….as结构 。这个房间的大小是那个房间的三倍。

  =This room isthan that one。这个房间的大小是那个房间的三倍大。 The book is 。这书的重量是那本书的两倍。 =The book is that one 。这书的重量是那本书的两倍重。 拓展二、倍数词+比较级

  This room is。这个房间的大小是那个房间的三倍。 =This room is。这个房间比是那个房间大两倍。

  The book is 。这书的重量是那本书的两倍。 =The book is 。这本书比那本书重一倍

  篇二:初二英语比较级 最高级

  第四节

  本节目标:

  回顾前三节的内容

  比较级最高级

  积累词汇句型

  一:比较级最高级

  1. adj比较等级的构成:规则变化&不规则变化

  2. 什么时候用比较级?

  出现than

  在两者中进行选择时:Whowhich + be +比较级,A or B? (哪一个更)

  表示“越来越”

  It’表示“越越” ’ll be.

  出现表示程度的副词,如a little, a bit, much, even等词

  3. 什么时候用最高级?

  在三者中进行选择:Whichwho is + the +最高级,A,B,or C

  Which middle school is the best, Wenyuan, Zijin, or Jiuzhong

  表示“是中最大高神秘搞笑的”

  表示“最的之一”

  即学即练:

  1. Gold is _____(little) useful than iron

  2. Of the two girls I’m teaching , I find Nancy the ______(clever)

  3. This article is slightly(稍微的)__________(well) organized than that one

  4. The___ you work, the more you will learn.

  A. hard B. harder C. hardest

  5. Which subjects do you like _______, mathematics or physics

  A. the much B. the best C. better

  6. _______haste, _____speed.

  A. More, less B. Much, little

  C. The more, the less D. The much, the little

  in the world.

  A. all the countries B. every country

  C. any country D. any other country

  day by day.

  A. worseB. badC. badly D. worst

  9. If you want to book a round –A. more B. other C. the otherD. another

  10. Bob never does his homework___ Mary. He makes lots of mistakes.

  A. so careful as B. as carefully asC. carefully as D. as careful as

  11. He eats fat.

  A. much tootoo muchB. much too too many

  C. too muchmuch tooD.too much many too

  12. Please read every sentence . The more mistakes you’ll make.

  A. carefully carefully B. carefulcareful C.carefullycareful

  13. Life of Pi by Li An is one ofI have ever seem.

  A. greatestfilmsB. great film

  C.the greatest flims D. the greatest flim

  二:实用句型

  It's important to find out what he is doing.

  It’s necessary to be prepared for a job interview

  总结句型1: It’s easy for you to distinguish gold and silver.

  总结句型2:

  Beethoven is talented in music.

  总结句型3:

  Her character is as clear as crystal.

  Dose Tara work as hard as Tina

  总结句型4:

  Once there was an old man in a town. He always forgot things ,so his wife always had to say to him, "Don't things.

  One day he went on a long trip alone. Before he home, his wife said, "Now you have all these . They are what you need for your trip. Don't lose your things during the trip. “Then he went to the station, bought a ticket and got on with it.

  the old man and 'Will you please show me your ticket" The old man looked for his ticket in all his pockets, but he could not find . He was very I got on the train," said the old man.

  "I believe you bought a ticket. All right, you don't have to buy one," said the conductor kindly. But the old man said

  sadly," How can I know where I'm my station!”

  ★作文练习:在一次英语班会上,老师请同学们以“Proud of My School”为主题发言。请根据下面所给的提示写一篇发言稿。字数要求在80~100词之间。文中不得出现真实的人名、地名

  提示: ①What does your school look like

  ②What fun do you have at school

  ③Why do you like your school

  篇三:给你英语作文加分的100个必备好句子

  给你英语作文加分的100个必备好句子!

  1. It is important for everyone to learn English well in our rapidly developing world.

  在这个迅速发展的世界里,对每个人来说,学好英语是非常重要的。

  同样句型包括:It is important/(necessary, difficult, convenient, possible)for sb. to do sth.

  2. The harder you work at it, the more progress you will make. 你工作越努力,你取得的进步就越大。

  (1)The+比较级…, the+比较级…

  (2)比较级+and+比较级(The world is getting smaller and smaller.)

  3. If everyone makes a contribution to protecting the environment, the world will become much more beautiful.

  如果每个人都为保护环境做出贡献,世界会变得更加美好。

  类似的句型还有:If necessary…, they can…

  4. The best way to remember new words is to practice them everyday. 记忆新单词最好的方法是每天操练这些单词。

  5. The atmosphere in my family is fantastic

  我的家庭气氛温馨和睦。 6. The reason why people choose to live in the city is that the life is more convenient and colorful.

  人们为什么选择生活在城市的原因是因为城市的生活更方便、更多彩。

  7. I had a great first impression of American people.

  我对美国人民有了很好的第一印象。

  8. We have lots of confidence in our ability to solve any problem. 我们对自己解决问题的能力有足够的信心。

  9. With the rapid development of modern technology, the Internet has become a necessary part of our daily life and work.

  随着现代科技的迅速发展,互联网已经成为生活和工作中必不可少的一部分。

  10. You should read as many books as you possibly can.

  大家应该尽可能的`多读书。 11. China is becoming more and more prosperous because of the reform and “opening up” policy.

  由于实施了改革开放政策,中国变得更加繁荣了。 12. We all need clean air to breathe; we all need clean water to drink; we all need green places to enjoy.

  我们都需要呼吸清新的空气,我们都需要饮用洁净的水,我们都需要绿地来享受。

  13. Let’s work together to make our world a better place.

  让我们一起努力把世界变得更加美好。

  14. We should make full use of our time to do useful and productive things. 我们应该充分利用好时间去做有用的、富有成效的事。

  15. We should get into the good habit of using our time wisely.

  我们应该养成一个好习惯,明智地利用时间。

  16. What I really want to know is whether he will go abroad next month 我的确想知道的是,他是否会在下个月出国。

  17. Television is harmful to developing minds.

  电视不利于开发心智。

  18. Children usually have far more potential than their parents had realized

  孩子们都有很大的潜能,而父母却没有意识到这一点。

  19. In the past 10 years, great changes have taken place in our school. 在过去的10年里,我们学校发生了巨大的变化。 20. People who spend more time with their families are usually healthier and happier.

  那些花更多时间和家人在一起的人通常会更健康更幸福。

  21. The job was hard, which made me so tired that I almost quit half way. 这份工作太辛苦,差点使我半途而废。

  (1)直接使用:so… that… The job was hard, boring and seemed endless, which made me so tired that I almost quit half way.

  这份工作太辛苦、太无聊,而且没完没了,这使我非常累,差点半途而废。

  (2)能够增加句子层次的高级连词还有:

  (Not only …but also…)、(Because…)、(because of…)、(As long as…)、(so long as…) 22. The Red Star Television Factory, which produces TV sets of quality, was set up in the 1980’s.

  生产高品质电视的红星电视机厂,始建于1980年。

  23. The E-reading room, where we can send e-mails to all parts of the world, is open to both teachers and students.

  我们可以向世界每个地方发电子邮件的电子阅览室,对老师和同学都同样开放。

  24. I feel I will be fit for the job needed in your company.

  我感觉我会是你们公司所需要的人。

  25. The number of workers and engineers has risen(更高级词汇:increased) to over 2000, and 80% of them are college graduates.

  工人和工程师的数量已超过了2000人,而且他们有80%都是大学学历。 26. There is an increasing tendency that students own their mobile phones on campus.

  在校园内,学生拥有手机的趋势在不断增长。 27. Now in the rural areas, there are many children out of school. I think one of reasons is that their families are too poor to afford their schooling. 现今,在农村地区还有很多孩子失学。我认为原因之一就是他们的家庭太贫困,而无法供应他们上学。 28. People should pay more attention to the education of children because they will play a very significant /(important) part/(role) in the future of our country.

  人们应该增加对儿童教育的重视,因为他们会在祖国的未来扮演重要的角色。

  29. In 2008, you will see Beijing as beautiful as a garden, with cleaner water and clearer sky.

  到2008年,我们会看到北京像花园一样,有着更加清澈的河水和碧透的天空。

  30. How nice to hear from you again.

  能再次收到你的来信真是太好了。

  31. Your early reply will be highly appreciated.

  敬盼早日回复。

  I’m looking forward to meeting you in no time.

  我期待与你早日相见。

  32. If you have any questions or requests, please let me know.

  如果你有什么问题和请求只管跟我说。

  33. No matter what you do in the future, English will always be important.

  不管你将来做什么,英语都是最重要的。

  34. Nothing is more important than to receive education.

  没有什么比接受教育更重要的事了。 35. There is no doubt that playing video game is going to be their biggest problem for students to affect study.

  毫无疑问,玩电子游戏正在成为影响学生学习的最大问题。 36. Obviously, it is high/(about) time that we took some effective measures to solve the problem.

  显然,早该采取一些积极的措施来解决问题。

  写作高手使用的高难度表达:

  I suggest the department concerned taking some effective measures to improve the present situation.

  篇四:托福写作比较级类题目解析

  智课网TOEFL备考资料

  托福写作比较级类题目解析

  摘要: 比较级类题目是托福写作中常见而又难下手的一种题型。我们现在就来探讨一下攻克这类题目的实用方法。

  托福 写作比较级类题目解析

  首先,我们要能迅速地识别出一道比较类的题目。那么这些题目有哪些特征呢

  第一种,有明显的比较级词,比如than,请看下面这几道题:

  It is better to take a secure job with a low pay than to take a job with a high pay but is easy to lose.

  In order to celebrate major events, it’s better to organize a big party with lots of people than to have a small party where only close friends and relatives are invited.

  Your job has greater happiness than your social life.

  我们可以马上的从than这个关键词来分辨出比较题型,而且他们的共同特征是,两个因素A与B比较,题目认为A比B好。比如第一题是说两个因素在比较,而且题目已经给了一个判断:“低薪但是稳定的工作”比“高薪但是不稳定”的工作要好,即概括为A>B。

  第二种,虽然也是在比较两者,但是认为两者一样好,延续上面两因素A与B的关系来说,就是A=B,我们来看几道真题:

  Students can get as many benefits from their social or club activities as they can get from their academic studies.

  我们来看这道题中,As…As…也可以称之为一个明显的标志词,题目中是两个因素“社团活动”和“学术活动”在比较。而且题目在比较过后,给出了一个论断,认为这两者都能给学生带来一样多的益处..

  以上就是小编为大家整理的“ 托福写作 比较级类题目解析”部分内容,更多资料请点击托福资料下载频道!

  相关推荐:

  托福写作怎样利用模板

  托福写作高分:结构的多变

  托福写作增色替换词

  相关字搜索: 托福写作比较类

  篇五:托福写作比较级类题目解析

  方法。 托福写作比较级类题目解析比较级类题目是托福写作中常见而又难下手的一种题型。我们现在就来探讨一下攻克这类题目的实用

  首先,我们要能迅速地识别出一道比较类的题目。那么这些题目有哪些特征呢

  第一种,有明显的比较级词,比如than,请看下面这几道题:

  It is better to take a secure job with a low pay than to take a job with a high pay but is easy to lose.

  In order to celebrate major events, it’s better to organize a big party with lots of people than to have a small party where only close friends and relatives are invited.

  Your job has greater happiness than your social life.

  我们可以马上的从than这个关键词来分辨出比较题型,而且他们的共同特征是,两个因素A与B比较,题目认为A比B好。比如第一题是说两个因素在比较,而且题目已经给了一个判断:“低薪但是稳定的工作”比“高薪但是不稳定”的工作要好,即概括为A>B。

  第二种,虽然也是在比较两者,但是认为两者一样好,延续上面两因素A与B的关系来说,就是A=B,我们来看几道真题:

  Students can get as many benefits from their social or club activities as they can get from their academic studies.

  我们来看这道题中,AsAs也可以称之为一个明显的标志词,题目中是两个因素“社团活动”和“学术活动”在比较。而且题目在比较过后,给出了一个论断,认为这两者都能给学生带来一样多的益处。第三种,仍然是两个因素在比较,但是题目让你选择哪一个因素更好。标志词为Or,

  可以按上面规则,归类为A or B。请看以下例题:

  Some people like to buy a piece of technological device as soon as it is available in the market. Other people prefer to buy it after it has been adopted by many people. Which do you preferShould the government support artists or should artists support themselves

  这一种分类里,题目并没有给出一个判断,是A因素好,还是B因素好,而是提供了一个场景和两个因素,所以,我们要注意提供自己的观点。

  以上三种就是常见的比较级类题型,我们可以看出只要是涉及两种因素在比较,我

  们都可以把它归为比较类题目,先认清题目类型,就方便于下面咱们来总结这类题目的通用解法。在我们快速地辨别出一道比较类题目后,马上要做的工作就是快速的确定思路,也就是文章观点和大体结构,每一段要写什么。最常见的一种思路就是找出两到三个因素,来对比题目中给出的A或B这两个因素,然后给出结论。我们看一道真题来说明这个思路:

  It is more important for the government to spend money on improving Internet access than on public transportation. “政府将钱投入到发展网络通道上比花在公共交通上更重要”。

  在思路上,如果我们同意这个观点,可以用这样的结构:

  第一种:Agree

  Information A1> B1

  Financial chances A2 > B2

  Entertainment A3> B3

  在这里A是“网络通道”,B是“公共交通”,找到三个因素,在information,financial chances和entertainment这三个点上分别比较A和B。比如说在信息上,网络比交通带来更多信息;在经济上,网络带来更多的商机帮助当地致富;在娱乐上,网络能带来更多的娱乐渠道。

  这样,一道比较级题目在思路上就没有什么障碍了,这种结构是十分严谨而有效的,适用于以上三类比较级题目,看到这儿的考生们,可以发挥自己的聪明才智,将这种思路快速的套用到我上面给出的托福真题中,来试验下是不是很有效呢

  篇六:比较级的用法

  比较级的用法

  一. 小笑话

  有一天(one day)幼儿园的老师(teacher and the children ) 带着小朋友们去看芭蕾舞表演(to look at the ballet show),看完之后在回家的路上老师问小朋友:“这个表演怎么样?”(What do you think about this performance)然后其中一个最小的朋友回答说(and one of the smallest one said that, “I think this performance is every good, but I think these dancers should be taller. ):“这个表演很好,要是那些芭蕾舞者再长高一点就好了。”老师问:“为什么呢?(then the teacher asked,” why”)”这个最小的小朋友回答:“这样的话他们就不用一直踮着脚尖跳舞了。”(注意加上一点英文)

  二. 引入所学的内容:比较级

  1.展示图片,学习规则。Look at this picture.

  ①. +er tall———taller

  Short———shorter

  Strong———stronger

  ②.+r nice———nicer

  Strange——-stranger

  ③.以辅音结尾的单词,并且辅音字母前面是原音的情况下 双写辅音,+er big——— bigger

  Hot———hotter

  Fat———fatter

  Thin———thinner

  ④.以y结尾的单词,改y为I ,+er

  heavy——heavier

  Angry———angrier

  ⑤. 双音节和多音节 beautiful——— more beautiful

  different——— more difficult

  Interesting——-more interesting

  Popular———- more popular

  2.游戏练习:跑得快

  游戏规则:在黑板上里写出原级,和学生分为两组进行pk,划拳,谁赢谁开始写,写完的一方获胜。 p

  Great—-Greater

  Large—–larger

  Dry—–drier

  Happy—happier

  Simple—simpler

  Interesting— more interesting

  Old—older

  Dangerous—dangerous

  Young—younger

  Beautiful—more beautiful

  Expensive—-more expensive

  Outgoing—-more outgoing

  三. 不规则动词的学习

  Good/ Well——— betterBad ——— worse Many/much——— moreLittle/few——— less Far——farther/further old——-older/elder 不规则动词练习:遮住左边说右边,遮住右边说左边。

  四. 句型练习

  ①.A +be(am/is/are) +比较级+than+ B(宾格)

  (根据学生的具体情况来举例,如头发,衣服,鞋子,身高,漂亮,年纪,天气(今天比昨天热)…….)(以说为主)

  My hair is longer than your.

  My clothes is more beautiful than your.

  My shoes is bigger than your.

  He is younger than me.

  He is older than me.

  He is taller than me.

  Today is hotter than yesterday.

  This man is taller than that one.

  This man is stronger than that man.

  This horse is bigger than that horse.

  Lin Ping is my friend. (Lin Ping 是我的朋友。)She's a little more outgoing than me. (她比我性格要活泼开朗一些。)

  方案一:练习,让学生写出来(我说中文,学生写英文) 方案二:写一篇小作文:我和我的新老师

  昨天很热,但是我认为今天比昨天更加热。现在我在学校学习英语。认识了一位新英语老师。她比我高,也比我老,她的头发也比我的长。但是我比她更加的漂亮,更加的年轻。上课的时候,她给我看了很多的图片,很有趣。(你问他这样学习英语有没有趣?)我希望学习英语也这么有趣,我的英语会越来越好。我和这位新英语老师相处很愉快。

  方案三:成绩好的学生可以加上一些中考练习。

  五.总结(让学生自己总结)

  篇七:PEP小学英语六年级(形容词比较级)

  Primary English for Grade 6

  Comparative adjectives (形容词比较级)

  Words

  1、Read and write

  更高的_____________ 更矮的_____________

  更强壮的_____________ 年龄更大的_____________

  更滑稽的_____________ 体型更大的_____________

  更重的_____________ 更长的_____________

  更瘦的_____________ 体型更小的_____________ 2、Look

  a. ( )

  tall-taller short-shorterstrong-stronger young- younger

  long-longersmall-smallerold- older

  b. ( )

  funny-funnierheavy-heavier

  c. ( )

  big-biggerthin-thinner

  3、Summary

  原级变为比较级,通常er加后面。

  若是结尾辅元辅,末尾双写要牢记。

  辅音加y结尾时,把y变i是必须。

  原级若以e结尾,直接加r就可以。

  4、Practice

  Words

  tall-_____________ long-_____________ short-_____________ funny-_____________ thin-_____________ fat-_____________ clever-_____________ big-_____________ small-_____________ strong-_____________ busy-_____________ late-_____________ large-_____________hot-_____________ easy-_____________ happy-_____________heavy-_____________ young-_____________ nice-_____________cold-_____________ Sentences

  (1)你比你的弟弟高。You are ______ ______your brother. (tall)

  (2)我比你高很多。 I’m much ______ than you. (tall)

  (3)它的尾巴长很多。Its tail is ________. (long)

  (4)我的手比你的大。My hand is _________ than yours. (big)

  (5)我比你大一岁。I am ________ year _________than you . (old)

  (6)从矮到高排队。Line up from _________ to _________ . (short tall)

  (7)Mike比我还要重。Mike is _________ than me. (heavy)

  (8)这个女孩比那个男孩子聪明。The girl is _________ than the boy. (smart)

  (9)明天会更热。Tomorrow will be _________ . (hot)

  (10)我的鱼比Sarah的鱼小。My fish is _________ than Sarah. (small)

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